On the 10th of April, 1936, Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA), was created by legislation of the federal government as a subsidiary of Canadian National Railway (CNR).
Passenger operations began on the 1st day of September 1937, TCA growing to about 500 employees by January 1940. Transcontinental flights began on the 1st of April, 1939, thanks to 18 Lokheed aircraft.
In 1953, Air Canada became the first airline in the world to use a computer reservation system with remote terminals.
In 1964, a bill was submitted to change TCA’s name to Air Canada, but it failed and was resubmitted and passed, the name change taking effect on the 1st of January, 1965.
After being headquartered at 1 Place Ville-Marie in Montreal in 1975, Air Canada became an independent Crown corporation in the late 1970s.
In early December, 1987, Air Canada became the first airline in the worl to introduce a fleet-wide non-smoking policy.
In 1988, the company was privatised, 43% of its shares being sold on the public market. The process was complete one year later.
In May 1997, Air Canada co-founded Star Alliance.
Canadian Airlines, Canada’s second largest air carrier, was acquired by Air Canada in January 2001.
On 1st of April, 2003, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection, emerging from it 18 months later.
In 2004, Boeing 747-400 planes were replaced by Airbus A340s.
In 2005, Air Canada was the first carrier to introduce personal seatback entertainment systems in smaller jet aircraft for short-haul flights.
In 2006, Air Canada was the first airline in North America to implement 2D barcode scanning, with the introduction of 2D barcodes on boarding passes and itinerary receipts.
In 2007, Air Canada was the first airline in North America to introduce electronic boarding passes for mobile check-in, for customers using a cellular phone or smartphone.
In 2009, Air Canada released the mobile applications for Apple and Blackberry devices, allowing travellers to obtain electronic boarding passes, track flight information in real-time and more.
In 2010, Air Canada was the first cargo carrier to offer a mobile tracking solution with the introduction of the Air Canada Cargo mobile app.
In 2011, Air Canada introduced mobile booking through Air Canada App for Apple devices.
In 2012, Air Canada launched Air Canada rouge, a new leisure airline with stylishly affordable service to holiday spots in Europe and the Caribbean.
On the 1st of July, 2013, Air Canada rouge will begin service from Vancouver and Toronto.
In the last years, Air Canada invested a lot in upgrading its fleet, ordering new planes and modifying some of the existing ones.
In May-June 2016, in only one month, Air Canada and Air Canada Rouge launched 10 new non-stop international routes to four continents: seven new routes to Europe and three to Asia (Toronto-Seoul), Africa (Montreal-Casablanca), and Australia (Vancouver-Brisbane). In addition to the recent global expansion of year-round or seasonal services, Air Canada Launched 11 new trans-border routes to the U.S. This was the most intensive period of international expansion in the airline’s history.
Since Trans-Canada Air Lines was founded, planes belonging to it and Air Canada were involved in a few accidents, the first one being in November 1963, when 118 people died after a McDonnell Douglas DC-8 stalled on takeoff out of the Montreal-Dorval International Airport, and the last accident with casualties happened in June 1983, when 23 people aboard Flight 797 perished.